The political and economy systems of India has been influenced right from start of the relationship between the British and India who originally landed into India as traders but later become administrators and rulers.

However there was a gradual influence on the social and cultural life of India. A policy of non-interference was followed till 1813 in the cultural and social life of the Indians. Yet the social life of India was changing. These changes were related to different social practices, the caste system, the condition of women, and education.

The East India Company never thought initially that imparting the education to Indians was their major duty. The old system of education continued. A special kind of education was geared by Pathsalas. This was an attempt to meet the requirement of the rural society. Whereas in tols, the education of Sanskrit was imparted. Only upper castes had the opportunity of acquiring higher education. This educational system was changed eventually by the British.

The requirement of introduction of Western education was acknowledged by the company around the starting of the 19th century. However, different education institutions were established already by Christian missionaries whose key objective was to spread Christianity through education. These educational institutions were associated with the churches.

Further, the Company was directed by the Charter Act of 1813 for spending around one lakh rupees on the education of Indians. However, this amount of money failed to be utilized due to pro-longing debate over the medium of instruction. It was advocated by orientalists that conventional Indian learning must be done through the medium of the classical languages of Persian and Sanskrit. On the other hand, it was argued by the Anglicits that through the medium of English the Western education must be imparted.

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