Adolf Hitler and the Treaty of Versailles


The Treaty of Versailles required that Germany needs to surrender many of its territories and demilitarize the Rhineland. The treaty imposed economic sanctions and charged heavy compensations on the country. A lot of Germans thought that the treaty, specifically Article 231 which announced Germany was responsible for the war, was a humiliation. The Versailles Treaty and the social, political, and economic conditions in Germany after the war were later exploited by Hitler for political gains. Read further to understand and learn more about Thesis on the Treaty of Versailles.


Germany’s Fate After World War 1 Defeat

Adolf Hitler commenced exploiting the Versailles Treaty and the social, political, and economic conditions in Germany after German fate after the defeat in World War 1. Knickerbocker quoted many descriptions of Hitler’s eyes all varying from each other. Such as “small, greenish-brown”, “faded blue”, “dark gray”, “dark blue”, and his own “China blue”. Hugh Trevor-Roper a historian described “the fascination of those eyes, which had bewitched so many seemingly sober men”.

Adolf Hitler used personal magnetism and comprehension of crowd psychology to enhance while interacting in public speaking. Alfons Heck, who is a former member of the Hitler Youth, describes the reaction to one of Hitler’s speeches. “We erupted into a frenzy of nationalistic pride that bordered on hysteria. For minutes on end, we shouted at the top of our lungs, with tears streaming down our faces: Sieg Heil, Sieg Heil, Sieg Heil! From that moment on, I belonged to Adolf Hitler body and soul”.

Even though Hitler’s oratory skills and personal traits were overall received well by a large audience and at official events, there were some who had met Hitler privately and noted that his appearance and attitude were unsuccessful to make a lasting impression. Knickerbocker describes that non-Germans were immune to Hitler’s magnetism.

Followers of Adolf Hitler

The early followers of Hitler consisted of Rudolf Hess, a former air force pilot Hermann Goring, and Ernst Rohm an army captain. Rohm became the head of the Nazis’ paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung  (SA, “Stormtroopers”), which shielded meetings and attacked political opponents. Aufbau Vereinigung was one of the critical influences on his thinking, a conspirational nexus of White Russian exiles and early National Socialists. The Nexus, funded with aid channeled from rich industrialists such as Henry Ford, presented Hitler with the idea of a Jewish conspiracy, connecting international finance with Bolshevism.

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