One of the SDGs is to ensure sustainable management of sanitation and water for all. Any system through which the open space defaecation is avoided and the effective use of toilet and proposal disposal of animal and human wastes are promoted is referred to as sanitation. Moreover, the procedure of sanitation includes disposal of wastage effectively so that the public health or the environment is not threatened. Ecological, recycling, landfills, and filtration are four basic kinds of sanitation methods.

Some of the organisations that are leading as an example with respect to this SDG are H&M Hennes & Mauritz, Heineken, SABMiller, the Toilet Board Coalition, the Anheuser-Busch InBev, the Coca-Cola Company, Nestle, and Unilever. One of the key positive impacts of this SDG is a positive influence on farmers that are engaged directly, as each farm that participates in this SDGs transforms into a learning centre for around twenty farmers.

One of the negative impacts of insufficient sanitation on the environment is that direct flow of the wastage or sewage into the wetlands, lakes, rivers, and streams influencing the marine and coastal ecosystems, and exposing millions of children to disease and fouling the environment. In terms of the societal impacts, serious impacts can be left over on social and health development due to the absence of insufficient sanitation, particularly for children. It leads to some of the major diseases like trachoma, schistosomiasis, and cholera, and even diarrhoea, which in developing countries is one of the biggest killer of infants.

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