Sample Essay

Words 2,320

One of the widely, of not universally recognized rights of human beings is the right to privacy. This right is accepted by several nations and communities at different levels and with varied interpretation (Beitz). In today’s society, both governments and private corporations and organizations maintain huge databases of information concerning the live and habits of private citizens. This has raised great concern with regards to the citizen’s human rights (Goss).

Scientific and technological advances have also enabled governments to eavesdrop on the citizen’s communications and monitor their activities with the results of such monitoring being presented to the courts as evidence (Kasper).

In the presence of these factors, the varying interpretations of the human right to privacy according to different ideologies and systems of belief and the question of legality and ethical justification of the government’s attempts at monitoring their citizen’s lives assumes a great importance.

Like many other nations, the classical Islamic nation too has its own conceptions of an individual’s right to privacy,Researchers have noted some similarities between classical Islamic thought and modern Western thought on the issue of the right to privacy. Eli Alshech argues that the rationale for Islamic laws includes from the outset, the desire to create a private sphere free from outside interference for the individual (Alshech).

It must be made clear that in my research for this topic, I have not come across the mention of  any classical texts of Islamic law that explicitly mentions the right to privacy of an individual, the sources that do so, are all modern works, however a number of them have cited classical texts of Islamic law that speak on the various rights and duties of a Muslim regarding their fellow Muslims and several of these rights concern issues that are included in the modern understanding of the right to privacy.

Of these issues, the foremost is the right to be free of unwarranted suspicion and investigation from government agencies. Several nations have tried to impose restrictions upon the extent of the monitoring a government can legally perform. In the United States, for example, law enforcement official that feel the need to eavesdrop on the communications of a citizen must first give justification for this and obtain the consent of a federal judge before performing this invasion of privacy (Stinchcombe).

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