Cognitive Psychology is a branch of psychology which studies ways in which people perceive, think, learn and remember information. It deals with the internal functions of a human brain and analyzes why people tend to remember some information and forget other data. It primarily deals with the perception and memory of human beings regarding shapes, events, languages and other information (Balota & Marsh, 2004). Although psychologists have been studying human behavior and thought process for a long time but the area of cognitive psychology is fairly recent to the field and the most significant year for development of cognitive psychology was 1956 when Noam Chomsky presented a theory of language and George Miller presented a research on the mathematical number seven and its relationship with short term memory (Eysenck & Keane, 2005).
The cognitive revolution stared in 1956 as several theories and concepts related to cognitive psychology were presented this year. The most significant breakthrough in the discipline came about when Chomsky criticized B. F. Skinner’s theory of language presented in his book. Chomsky presented a notion that language use is based on personal creativity and imagination rather than enforcement. He argued that human beings can produce an infinite number of sentences without any difficulty. The theory presented by Chomsky and interpretation of human memory by Miller in 1956 were of critical importance in the development of cognitive psychology. The concept of Artificial Intelligence is linked with cognitive psychology and was also presented in 1956 at the Dartmouth conference (Eysenck & Keane, 2005).
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