Sample Essay

Basing his study of logic on his famous four causes, Aristotle sought to establish the criteria for observing an object and analyzing it.  The four causes were material cause (what is an object made of), formal cause (its form), efficient cause (its origin) and final cause (its purpose).  While realizing the dichotomy of the first two causes – matter and form – in his concept of hylomorphorpism, Aristotle also conceded that a state of interdependence could exist between any of his four causes with one or more being the result of the other.  He also mentioned that such a relationship could either be proper or accidental in nature, and could be spoken of in terms of existing or having the potential to exist. (Rorty & Williams, 2008)

Furthermore, while Plato’s concept of reality was represented by dualism of the world of ideas, based on Socratic concept of eternal and immutable, and the world of sensible things, signified by Heraclitean concept of fluent reality, both living in isolation of each other, Aristotle could not conceive it so.  He felt that if the world of ideas was the substance and the world of sensible things its ever-changing outward form and shape, then they could not exist on two separate plains and surely the direction and flow of one was guided by the other.

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