In 1909 the father of modern criminology, an Italian by the name of Cesare Lombroso made a series of skull measurements which led him to believe that criminals had smaller sized brains as compared to law abiding citizens (Wolfgang, 1961 361-391).
Although, this contention was eventually disproven, Lombroso did succeed in bringing science one of its most important contributions. He took away the focus from crimes and put it where it belonged, towards the criminal mind. While there are several debates which still rage on today regarding the nature vs. nurture issue of the criminal element. There has been no true answer to whether criminals are simply a product of their environment or are simply victims of genetics. This topic will attempt to answer these questions.
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