Used to identify which individuals are in danger of developing PTSD, Acute stress disorder is one in which symptoms of PTSD can occur in a timeline of 2 days to 4 weeks after a traumatic event (Simon). The symptoms of ASD and PTSD are similar however they are differentiated by the diagnostic criteria which states that if the patient presents within 4 weeks of the trauma and the disorder in resolved within 4 weeks the diagnosis is ASD. (American Psychiatric Association)
The approach to treatment for Anxiety disorders though patient specific is usually treated with a combination of psycho and pharmacotherapy. Psychotherapy includes Cognitive-Behavior therapy and exposure therapy. Both treat the root cause of the anxiety that resides in the individual and helps the individual assert a greater sense of control over his fears. In the pharmacotherapy the patient is given various medications including benzodiazepines, GABA analogues and antidepressants. Various studies have argued about the efficacy of either treatment option. However, it cannot be denied that patients respond very well to the treatments given and improvements are noticeable in a very short period of time (Melinda Smith).
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